Pali Rajasthan:History,Geography, Tourist places in pali

  1. Here is the Full Information about Pali Rajasthan; History,Geography,Tourist Places, Temple, Helpline Numbers.

Let’s get Started with Basic Information About pali rajsthan

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Pali is a city in Rajasthan state of western India. It is the administrative headquarters of Pali District and comes in the Marwar region. It is situated on the bank of the river Bandi and is 70 km south east of Jodhpur. It is known as “The Industrial City”

Area: 153 km²

Pincode: 306401

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Brief Historical Background of District Pali Rajasthan


The Territory now known as District Pali was Carved out of the erstwhile princely state of Jodhpur of which it was an important part. The district is named after the chief town, Pali, which is a diminutive of Pallika occurring in an old inscription. The region was rich in heritage as is seen from famous Jain monuments at Ranakpur and elsewhere. Pali was an important mark in olden times, where merchandise from faraway lands like China and Middle-East were bought and sold.

The authentic history of the tract, however, begins with the founding of the Chauhan dynasty at Nadol in 10th century A.D. by one Raval Lakha and making its influence felt in parts of Mewar and Gujarat. Anahilla the eighth ruler of the line is said to have crossed swords with Mahmud of Ghazni in 1025 A.D. near Somnath in Gujarat. In 1197 A.D. His another Powerful successor, Jayatismha, fought against Qutbuddin Aibak at Ajmer. In 1294 A.D. The Rathors came on the scene; but in the absence of authentic records, the history of the 13th and 14th centuries is full of controversies and hence obscure. The local chronicles and genealogical descriptions throw up a mass of information which, the scholars feel, is full of contradiction. The Rathors and the Muslim invaders were at war, and sometimes a valiant personality attracted the attention of the public. One such personality was Jodha, the founder of Jodhpur in 1459 A.D. After his death in 1489 A.D. his numerous sons established themselves in independent principalities in the surrounding region.

The history of the next four centuries i.e. till the end of 18th century is a lengthy account of indifferent successors and their fights among themselves or with the Muslim commanders of the Delhi sovereigns. The most notable ruler who stands out prominently was Maldeo (1532-1562) who expanded his kingdom enormously and brought it in contact with the imperial territories of Agra and Delhi. This was during the time of Sher Shah. After the death of Maldeo, however, Jodhpur was again overrun by the Mughals.

With the death of Aurangzeb in 1707 A.D., the Mughal Empire began to disintegrate and Rajputana became a battlefield for new aspirants of hegemony in North India, to try their strength. The Marathas and the Pindaris, the ruler of Malwa and Gujarat made inroads and spread devastation and misery all round. Even though the Marathas suffered a heavy blow at the battle of Lalsot in 1787 A.D. they were not totally crushed. Their incursions in Rajasthan stopped only after 1818 A.D. when Chhatar Singh of Jodhpur signed a treaty with the British.

The state was merged in the United State of Greater Rajasthan in 1949 by Hanuwant Singh, a successor of Umaid Singh. The present district of Pali with certain adjustment of territories was thereafter brought into existence. At the time of Creation of Pali district in 1949, it consisted of four sub-divisions viz. Jaitaran, Pali, Bali and Sojat and six tehsils, namely, Jaitaran, Pali, Bali, Sojat, Desuri and Sendra. Later Sendra tehsil was abolished and Raipur and Kharchi tehsil were then created during the period 1951-61.

The district is almost snail-like in shape and resembles an irregular triangle with undulated plains and scattered hills. The district lies between 24° 45′ and 26° 29′ north latitudes and 72°47′ and 74°18′ east longitudes. It shares a common border with eight districts of Rajasthan. In the north it is bounded by Nagaur and Jodhpur districts, on the west by Barmer district, on the south-east by Rajsamand and Udaipur districts, on the north-east by Ajmer district and Sirohi and Jalore districts are on south and south-west respectively. The district has a total geographical area of 12387 Sq. Km.


Basic Statics of Pali rajasthan

Provisional Census Population-2011TotalMaleFemale
Density (Person per sq. km.)165  
Percentage Decadal Growth(2001-2011)11.99  
Sex Ratio987  
Literacy Rate63.2378.1648.35


Location and Area of Pali Rajasthan India

Pali District has an area of 12,387 km². The district lies between 24° 45′ and 26° 29′ north latitudes and 72°47′ and 74°18′ east longitudes. The Great Aravali hills link Pali district with Ajmer, Rajsamand, Udaipur and Sirohi Districts. Western Rajasthan’s famous river Luni and its tributaries Jawai, Mithadi, Sukadi, Bandi and Guhiabala flow through Pali district. The Largest dams of this area Jawai Dam and Sardar Samand Dam are also located in Pali district. While plains of this district are 180 to 500 meters above sea level, Pali city the district headquarter, is situated at 212 meters above sea level. While the highest point of Aravali hills in the district measures 1099 meters, the famous Ranakpur temples are situated in the footsteps of Aravalis. Parashuram Mahadev temple, a place of worship for millions of devotees of Lord Shiva, is also located in the Pali district on the heights of Aravali range.

No. of sub-Districts910
No. of Towns1111
No. of Statutory Towns99
No. of Census Towns22
No. of Villages10301030
​Infrastructure / Facilities​31.12.2012
​Area Served by Per Medical Institution (Sq. Km.) (Annual Progress Report- DMHS)21
​No. of Electrified villages (Annual Progress Report- RVVN)930
​​No. of Villages with drinking water facilities (Annual Progress Report- PHED)​936
​Road (PWD) length in km. (Annual Progress Report- PWD)5145
Per Capita Net District Domestic Product​2009-10
​At current prices (Rs.)34567
​At Constant (2004-05) Prices (Rs.)24273
​Land Use (Agricultural Statistics of Rajasthan- DES)​2010-11
​Average land holding (Hect.) (Census of Agriculture)​​​3.56
​​% of Forest area to reporting area7.02
​% of Net Irrigated Area to Net Area Sown​18.45
​​% of Gross Irrigated Area to Gross Area Sown​14.38

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Pali rajasthan Map

pali rajasthan

Geographical and Physical Features of Pali Rajasthan

The Aravalli Range forms the eastern boundary of the district and towards the southern boundary it ends at Bamnera village in Sumerpur Tehsil. A zone of foothills lies to the west, through which run the many tributaries of the Luni River. The western portion of the district includes the alluvial plain of the Luni. It is bounded by eight districts, Nagaur District to the north, Ajmer District to the northeast, Rajsamand District to the east, Udaipur District to the southeast, Sirohi District to the southwest, Jalore District and Barmer District to the west, and Jodhpur District to the northwest. The major part of the district has elevations ranging from 200 to 300 m above MSL, but in the east toward the Aravalli Range the elevation increases and the average is nearer 600 m and at some places the elevations exceed 1000 m.

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Physiography of pali rajasthan


The area of the district may be called sub-mountainous and has undulated plains with scattered hills here and there. The southeast of the district is traversed by the Aravalli range. The highest peak of these hills is about 1,099 metres. The general elevation in the plain varies from 180 meters to 500 metres and the slope is from east to westerly direction. Pali town is located about 212 meters high above the sea level. The soil of the district is mostly sandy loam and the water table, in general, is within 15 metres from the ground level.

There is no perennial river in the district. Four tributaries of River Luni viz; Sukri, Lilri, Bandi and Jawai flow in the district. Besides, there are a number of other seasonal rivulets and streams which traverse through the district. There is no lake or natural spring in the district. There are a number of big and small tanks constructed for irrigation purposes. Of these, the Jawai dam in Bali tehsil has the largest capacity while the smallest tank is Walar. Besides these tanks, there are five dams also in the district. They are Jawai Raipur Luni, Hemawas, Kharda and Biratiya Khurd dams which are used basically for irrigation purposes.

Climate Of Pali Rajasthan,India                                  

The climate of the district is on the whole dry and is very hot in summer and cold in winter. January is the coldest month while May to early June is the hottest period of the year. Normal annual rainfall in the district is 50 to 60 cms. During the south-west monsoon period, humidity, in general, is high. In the rest of the year, the air is dry. The average humidity percentage for the district is nearly 60 to 70. 



Geology and Mineals in Pali Rajasthan 

The geological formation of the district is represented by different igneous, sedimentary and met sedimentary rocks. The Delhi SuperGroup rocks represented by the Ajabgarh Group occur near the eastern border of the district and consist of schists, phyllite, marble and basic volcanic. They are intruded by granites and rhyolites. The predominant of which is the Erinpura Granite which covers the south and south-eastern parts of the district. The Jalore type of granites is exposed south of Pali town and is generally pink in colour. The Marwar SuperGroup occurs in the northern part of the district and is represented by limestone, dolomite, sandstone and shale.    


Best Tourist Places in Pali Rajasthan

In rajasthan pali there are many places to visit but these are hte best places to visit in pali rajasthan.


Ranakpur Temple

Ranakpur is a village located in Desuri tehsil near Sadri town in the Pali district of Rajasthan in western India. It is located between Jodhpur and Udaipur. It is 162 Km from Jodhpur and 91 km from Udaipur, in a valley on the western side of the Aravalli Range. The Nearest Railway Station to reach Ranakpur is Falna Railway station. Ranakpur is one among the most famous places to visit in Pali, Rajasthan. Ranakpur is easily accessed by road from Udaipur.

The construction is well documented in a 1437 CE copper-plate record, inscriptions in the temple and a Sanskrit text Soma-Saubhagya Kavya inspired by a dream of a celestial vehicle, Dhanna Shah, a Porwal, commenced its construction, under the patronage of Rana Kumbha, then ruler of Mewar. The architect who oversaw the project was named Deepaka. There is an inscription on a pillar near the main shrine stating that in 1439 Deepaka, an architect constructed the temple at the direction of Dharanka, a devoted Jain. When the ground floor was completed, Acharya Soma Sunder Suri of Tapa Gachha supervised the ceremonies, which are described in Soma-Saubhagya Kavya. The construction continued until 1458AD.

The temple was renovated from time to time. Some families supported the construction of devakulikas and mandaps. The descendants of Dharanashah now mainly live in Ghanerao. The temple has been managed by the Anandji Kalyanji Pedhi trust in the past century

Ranakpur is widely known for its marble Jain temple, said to be the most spectacular of the Jain temples. There is also a small Sun temple which is managed by the Udaipur royal family trust.


golden temple pali rajasthan

Falna is a town in Pali District in Indian state of Rajasthan. It is an important railway station on the Ahmedabad-Jaipur railway line. Falna is 75 km from the district headquarters of Pali.

Falna is the nearest railhead to famous Ranakpur temples. The temples are 35 km from Falna. In Falna itself the Jain Golden Temple is a visitor attraction.

Falna Jain golden temple is a temple built at Falna near the famous Jain temple Ranakpur. It is a major attraction for Pilgrims. The temple belongs to Shri Shankeshwar Parshwanath Bhagwan. “Kanch ka Mandir” (Mirror temple) located below the main temple is also a place of worship, where the walls are covered with small sizes of mirrors. Though it is small, it is worth a visit.

Apart from the place mentioned above, the other worth visiting place in the district are, the temple dedicated to Ramdeoji near village Biratiya in Raipur tehsil, the fort of Desuri, Kurki the birthplace of the well-known poetess Mirabai on the border of Jaitaran tehsil, Jain temples of Narlai in Desuri tehsil, picnic spot in the Deepawas in Raipur tehsil, and Jain temples in Sadri town.

OM TEMPLE Pali Rajasthan

om temple pali rajasthan

The Society has its head office in village Jadan district Pali, Rajasthan. Since 1993 the Society has been active in the areas of Health, Education, promotion of Yoga and Vedic culture, Rainwater Harvesting, and development of peace and understanding across cultures and religions.

The central building of this large complex is constructed in the shape of the ancient Sanskrit symbol OM. The sound of OM consists of three letters: A, U and M. It represents the cosmic vibration, the original eternal sound. OM is the underlying source of creation, adi-anadi – the reality that was, is, and will forever be. Therefore OM represents wholeness, completion. It is the most beautiful mantra, which contains all three fundamental aspects of God – Brahma (the Creator), Vishnu (the Sustainer) and Shiva (the Liberator).

Situated in an area of 250 acres, this central monument will be the largest man-made symbol of OM in the world. The 108 compartments of residential units that are to form this impressive OM shape, attract tremendous cosmic energy. These units are symbolic of the 108 beads of the Japa Mala. A lake will represent the crescent Moon of the OM symbol. Its point, known as bindu, will be constructed as a tower, 108 feet in height, with 12 temples. At 90 feet, there will be a large overhead water tank and above this, a Surya temple dedicated to the Lord of the Sun.



Auwa is situated 12 km to the south of the headquarters of Marwar Jn. tehsil. Previously Auwa estate was a part of Sojat district of Jodhpur State. The Place is insignificant today but it got great prominence during the upheaval of 1857 when its Jagridar Thakur Kushal Singh rose up and revolted against the British. Bagawat was killed by Soldiers of Army at Erinpura Chawani on 25th August 1857. These soldiers of the army reached the village of Auwa. Thakur Khushal Singh led them for freedom fight. In this movement Thakurs of Marwar State Ashop, Gular Alaniyawas, Bhimaliya, Redawas, Lambiya and Thakurs of Mewar State Roopnagar, Lasani, Salumber, Asind also helped Auwa Thakur.         

By order of General Henari Larenze from Ajmer, they attacked on 7th September 1857 by Anand Singh Kiledar Jodhpur, on 8 September 1857. Lt. Hacker also joined Anad Singh. During the war soldiers died and Auwa won its 1st fight of Independence in 1857.

Due to this defeat General Larenze himself took the army from Beawar and reached to Auwa on 18 September 1857. to teach a lesson to Auwa’s freedom fighters. To help General Larenze, Political Agent Captain Masan from Jodhpur with his large army also reached Auwa. A great battle of independence against english army fought by Auwa. Captain Mason died in this fight and his head hung on the main gate of the fort. Thus the Second fight also won the freedom fighter of Auwa.


somnath mandir

Somnath temple of pali is famous for its historical background and architecture. It is situated in the middle of Pali city. It was constructed by the king of Gujarat Kumarpal Solanki in the Vikram Samvat 1209. It is the temple of Lord Shiva. In the premises there are many small temples of Hindu deities.


surya temple

The elegant medieval shrine dedicated to the Sun God is set on the banks of Mavi River amidst the scenic Aravali ranges. The temple built on a raised platform is a masterpiece of architecture. Both the sanctum and hall are polygonal, embellished with a running band of solar deities, seated on chariots all around the exterior wall.



Ghanerao is a village in Desuri tehsil and is situated in the south-west of Desuri on the road leading to Sadri. The place was held by a first class Jagirdar of the erstwhile Jodhpur state prior to the independence and it was the prime duty of this Jagirdar to defend the famous fort of Kumbhalgarh (now in Rajsamand district). There are many, both, Hindu and Jain temples in the village and its vicinity. There are about eleven Jain temples; some of them are quite old, in the village itself besides Hindu temples of Laxmi Narayan Ji, Murlidharji and Charbhuja Ji. On the outskirts of the village is situated a Math known as Giri Ji ki Dhooni. A temple of Gajanand here is worth seeing. There is also a mosque here worth seeing. There is also a mosque here. Another Jain temple, known as Muchhala Mahavir is also situated in the vicinity of the village. The temple is said to be very old and whose management is with the Anandji Kalyanji Trust. 


Ashapura Mata Nadol

It is situated on the Rani-Desuri road in north-west of Desuri. Nadol is now a small village but once it was the capital of the collateral branch of the Chauhans of the Shakambhari. The ancient ruins still speak of the past glory which this place enjoyed. Mahmud Ghazni on his march against Somnath temple is said to have passed through Nadol. Later, Qutub-Uddin-Aibak, the lieutenant of Mohammed Ghori captured this place.

There are many famous temples in the village and its vicinity. In the main market, there is a beautiful Jain temple of Padma Prabhunath. There are temples of Somnath, Rikheshwar Mahadeo on top of the nearby rock and the temple of Ashapura Mataji. On the bank of a talab near the burial grounds is the temple of Hanumanji which has an exceedingly beautifully carved Toran on doorways made of marble. The temple of Neminath has a Devra of Acharya Mandeosuri who composed Laghu Shanti Mantra. About 9 km away from Nadol is a village known as Barkana on the Desuri-Rani road where a beautiful Parsvanath Jain temple, counted among the Panchtirthi for the Jain in the district, is situated and is said to be very old. 

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muchalla mahaveer

There is no mention of the antiquity of this temple, but it is regarded to be very ancient. The last renovation was accomplished in the year 2022 Vikram era and the idol was installed. The king of Udaipur once came here on a pilgrimage. While he was going to make a mark of pigment on his forehead (Tilak) he saw a moustache hair in the bowl of saffron and in fun he said to the worshipper in the temple, “It seems that God has moustaches”. And the worshiper who was devoted to God said, “Yes God can assume various forms as he wishes.” The obstinate king said, “I will stay here for three days. I want to see Mahavir with moustaches”. Gratified with the worship of the devoted worshiper, Mahavir with moustaches appeared to the king. Therefore, this idol came to be called Muchhala Mahavir. Even today many miraculous events happen here. A fair is held here every year in the month of Chaitra. This Tirth belongs to the group of the five Godvar Tirth. Falna, the nearest railway station is at a distance of 40 kilometers.


Sonana Khetlaji

Shri Sonana Khetlaji (सोनाणा खेतलाजी) is a temple of Shri Khetlaji located in the village Sonana of Desuri tehsil of Pali district in Indian state of Rajasthan. Template located in Sonana is an old temple from where Shri Sonana Khetlaji has moved to a village near Sarangwas.

Shri Sonana Khetlaji was founded approximately 800 years ago; this temple is Jagir of local Brahmins Rajpurohit. King ruling this village has written off this temple to the local Brahmins to do chants and pooja every day.

Every year on Chaitra Sudi Ekam (according to Vikram Samvat), a large fair is organised for two days. Since this fair is organised after the Holi festival a large number of Holi dancers attend in conventional and fancy dresses. More than one lakh devotees participate. The most devout come barefoot from their native places in order to receive the great blessing. They travel from 15Km to 200Km moving in groups (Sangh) for 2 to 10 days barefoot.

There is even a cycle yatri coming from a long distance of 2500KM from chennai, coimbatore, Hosur(Tamil Nadu to Rajasthan) covering on cycle for a month (30days) On the occasion of Mela

Since Khetlaji is folk-deity (Lok-devta) of many castes and communities in Marwar area, many people come here after their marriage and childbirth to give thanks to the God. Thanksgiving ceremony starts only after Aarti of deity which takes place between 8:30 am to 9:00 am. The necessary commodities for giving thanks are available at stalls outside the temple.

Temple is largely bound and has three aarthi(vishesh pooja) for Sri sonana Khetlaji i.e., 8am in morning,6.30pm in evening and 12am midnight.It is witnessed that attending this aarthi carries the biggest blessing.

These are the best places to visit in pali rajasthan.

Helpline Number for Pali Rajasthan

Collectorate Control Room02932-252804satyamev_jayate.png
Police Helpline Number100 / 02932-251545 / 1090(CRIME POLICE)ADDP6aXdrUA7AAAAAElFTkSuQmCC
Ambulance Helpline Number108 / 102 / 1051(AIDS)xGhlOwAAAABJRU5ErkJggg==
Fire Brigade Helpline Number101 / 02932-230173(RIICO) / 02932-282264 (Industrial Area) / 02932-222173eH6uaD+5c9AAAAAASUVORK5CYII=
ChildLine Helpline Number1098sn8DGHjhs27cVSIAAAAASUVORK5CYII=
Electricity02932-281360 / 02932-281315electricity.png
GOVT. BANGUR HOSPITAL02932-250114Medical_hospital_emergency_.png

INDANE : 02932-250350 (B. K. Enterprises)

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